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when was qarawiyyin library built

Fatima grew up being educated, along with her sister. Join our newsletter mailing list to gain exclusive access to special offers and promotions. Join us on a 12-month journey to see them all. Building Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque. When the library at Morocco’s al-Qarawiyyin University was first built in the 9th century, it was one of the world’s great centers for learning. In Muqaddimah, Khaldun theorised why civilisations rise and fall without looking solely at divine factors. But modern life had taken a toll on the library, with its buildings falling into disrepair. all thanks to its founder—Fatima al-Fehri. Founded by a Muslim woman, the University of Al Qarawiyyin in Fez, Morocco, opened its doors in 859. He was forced to be a slave of the Pope, he freed him after a year after converting him to Christianity. The University of Al-Qarawiyyin’s library is considered the oldest library … Morocco guide: 10 things to know before you go, The Atlas Mountains: Morocco's hidden travel gem. Until now, the privilege of using the library has been limited to scholars who need to seek formal permission, and authorities haven't decided yet whether to change that. Al-Fihri also pioneered the idea of creating a place where you would not just be educated but would also be granted a certificate to show your education had been complete. "As a woman in Toronto, I still have to work twice as hard in a technical field to make myself heard. Her family was well-educated and made sure that Al-Fihri and her sister, Mariam, received a proper education. An Antipodean travel company serving world travellers since 1983. The first is that al-Qarawiyyin was built by a woman, which challenges the common assumptions about women’s contributions to Muslim civilization. Engineers re-built foundations, installing a new sewage system; each tile of the building's iconic green roof was restored individually and painstakingly relayed. There is the opportunity to visit our Morocco, Jordan or Iran tours  before embarking on this tour of  Egypt. The task, then, was up to his son, Idris II. The proximity of mountain ranges meant that the climate in Fez was considered more temperate than other parts of North Africa (though the it does still get very hot in summer!). (CNN) — The al-Qarawiyyin Library has long been a source of fascination for residents in Fez, Morocco, as few of them have ever passed through its doors. "It was this extremely refined and unusual type of roof that was hidden away," she recalls. Our program takes us to contemporary feats such as the Aswan Dam and also to current crucibles of the Egyptian experience such as Tahrir Square. A librarian at al-Qarawiyyin in 1931 When it was first founded, Fez developed as two separate settlements on each bank of the Fez River. When talking about other restoration attempts that had been carried out, Chaouni told CityLab ‘The internal organs needed work. It was this big, mysterious place," recalls Aziza Chaouni, a Fez native and the architect who has overseen al-Qarawiyyin's restoration. Sure, this gender-thing exists in Morocco, but it's still changed immensely from when I was a young girl and the time of my mother.". She oversaw the construction, which included classrooms, a prayer hall, a library and a courtyard. Her father left his wealth to both Fatima and her sister, his only children. While in Fez, he composed Mishneh Torah, a 14-volume text on Jewish law. Credited with founding oldest existing, continually operating and first degree-awarding educational institution, Fatima al-Fihri cuts a formidable figure in history. It was her vision and investment that saw the founding of the Qarawiyyin Mosque and Madrassa (school) almost 1200 years ago and in part thanks to her that the universities as we know them today exist. Al Fihri was born in Qayrawan, Tunisia to a wealthy merchant family. After completing his education in Fez, he travelled widely through North Africa but during a voyage through the Mediterranean he was captured by Christian pirates and presented to Pope Leo X as a gift. Many liken it to stepping back in time as travellers get lost amongst the labyrinthine sandstone walls of the world’s largest car-free urban space. The Al-Qarawiyyin library has been in continuous operation since the 10th century and is believed to be the oldest library in the world. Some sources say that she was so devoted to this cause that she fasted for the 18 years that it took to build the complex. He drew up plans for a new, grander capital but died before anything could be done about it. In 2012, the Moroccan-Canadian architect, Aziza Chaouni, was tasked with restoring the Qarawiyyin. 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