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abnormal lymph node biopsy results

Cancer can spread to lymph nodes. A serious result is one that is a malignant diagnosis, i.e. Your doctor might take a sample (biopsy) from the lymph node if it looks abnormal. How long does it take to get the test results? Biopsy results will not be "abnormal." Even if the lymph node has decr ... Lymphnode biopsies take longer than most other biopsies due to the number of tests done on lymphnodes. Tuberculosis in the lung may spread to a lymph node in the neck, showing signs of infection there. Most biopsy results are not cancer, but a biopsy is the only way to find out for sure. 41 years experience Internal Medicine. what should one expect when results of a lymph node biopsy are "abnormal"? A small surgical cut (incision) is made. Presence of >1 abnormal lymph node on axillary imaging was significantly associated with having ≥3 … Malignancy rates increased with age, and varied with clinical presentation: Axillary mass (8, 26%); history of breast cancer (2, 11%); systemic disease (0%) and breast finding of low suspicion or incidental abnormal lymph node on screening (1, 1%). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 42. To learn more, please visit our. Removal of sonographically abnormal (up to 3) metastatic clipped nodes, without sentinel lymph node biopsy, could accurately predict axillary status in breast cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy. If a lymph node biopsy does not show any signs of cancer, it is more likely that other lymph nodes nearby are also cancer-free. For the best experience, try Chrome or Firefox. Check your appointment letter for how to prepare for your biopsy. Twelve patients (7%) were found to have a malignancy on their axillary lymph node biopsy. The lymph node is located and a piece of it is removed. Connect by text or video with a U.S. board-certified doctor now — wait time is less than 1 minute! ypT and the first clipped node status were statistically significant factors for nodal pathologic complete response. comes for sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) alone compared to completion ALND for women with 1 to 2 positive sentinel lymph nodes undergoing breast-conserv-ing surgery, whole-breast radiotherapy, and systemic therapy.3,4 In the ACOSOG Z0011 trial, a clinically neg-ative axilla was defined by physical examination alone. Copyright ©2019 A.D.A.M., Inc., as modified by University of California San Francisco. If the biopsy rules out cancer, your doctor may order additional tests to determine the cause of your enlarged lymph nodes. For example, a routinely processed biopsy of a lymph node may contain cells that clearly look like cancer, but the pathologist may not be able to tell whether the cancer started in the lymph node or whether it started elsewhere in the body and has spread to the lymph nodes. For example, enlarged lymph nodes may be due to: Lymph node biopsy may result in any of the following: Chernecky CC, Berger BJ. they will be quite specific as to the abnormailty if any is found. The results help show how well your body can fight infection. Cancer. Comprehensive Cytopathology. If a lymph node biopsy does not show any signs of cancer, it is more likely that other lymph nodes nearby are also cancer-free. I had an enlarged lymph biopsied with abnormal results and they want to remove it, but it's shrunk to almost normal size. A lymph node biopsy is the only way to find out for sure why a lymph node is swollen. This is usually performed under general anesthesia, which means the person having this procedure will be asleep and pain-free. Abnormal results may be due to many different conditions, from very mild infections to cancer. This type of biopsy is done less often because the results are not as helpful as with an open biopsy. Although some of these cases may be suggestive of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a definitive diagnosis is not possible despite careful mor … This information can help the provider decide about further tests and treatments. The sample may be taken using a needle to draw fluid (aspiration) from the lymph node or during a lymph node biopsy. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. An open biopsy may take 30 to 45 minutes. The results of the biopsy help your provider decide on further tests and treatments. Biopsy - lymph nodes; Open lymph node biopsy; Fine needle aspiration biopsy; Sentinel lymph node biopsy. An abnormal cervical biopsy means that there have been some changes to the cells in the cervix. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited. When the local anesthetic is injected, you will feel a prick and a mild stinging. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. An "abnormal" result may or may not be serious. Lymph node biopsy may result in any of the following: Bleeding; Infection (in rare cases, the wound may get infected and you may need to take antibiotics) Nerve injury if the biopsy is done on a lymph node close to nerves (the numbness usually goes away in a few months) What medicines you are taking (including any supplements or herbal remedies), Stop taking any blood thinners, such as aspirin, heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), or clopidogrel (Plavix) as directed, Not eat or drink anything after a certain period of time before the biopsy, Arrive at a certain time for the procedure, When abnormal lymph nodes are present on a, Inflammation of lymph nodes and other organs and tissues (, Infection (in rare cases, the wound may get infected and you may need to take antibiotics), Nerve injury if the biopsy is done on a lymph node close to nerves (the numbness usually goes away in a few months). An "abnormal" result that is not serious is generally one in which the lymph node is said to show signs of "reactive" activity to a systemic viral disease or shows signs of an infection limited to the node itself or an infection in a distant or regional organ, e.g. A lymph node biopsy is the removal of lymph node tissue for examination under a microscope. ypT and the first clipped node status were statistically significant factors for nodal pathologic complete response. Lymph Node Biopsy Abnormal Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. The biopsy may be done in different ways. What Abnormal Results Mean The sample is sent to a laboratory. Additionally, they may participate in various autoimmune diseases or are involved by circulating tumor metastases. Twelve patients (7%) were found to have a malignancy on their axillary lymph node biopsy. That lymph node could be harboring cancer but abnormal would consist of many traits, together. There are many different reasons why you might have a swollen lymph node, such as an infection. I had a biopsy of my lymph node on oct 31st. Could it be cancer? Abnormal results may be due to many different conditions, from very mild infections to cancer. What is a reasonable time frame to expect results? In 17 patients biopsy was recommended on the basis of the presence of at least 2 abnormal sonographic features. The lymphatic system is made up of several lymph nodes connected by lymph vessels.The nodes produce white blood cells (lymphocytes) that fight infections.When an infection is present, the lymph nodes swell, produce more white blood cells, and … Sentinel node biopsy is a surgical procedure used to determine whether cancer has spread beyond a primary tumor into your lymphatic system. These nodes are called the sentinel nodes. Looks like you’re visiting UCSF Health on Internet Explorer. Biopsy, site-specific - specimen. In: Chernecky CC, Berger BJ, eds. As part of a prime line of defense, lymph nodes react against a wide variety of pathogens affecting the human body. Clinicopathologic and axillary imaging results of 141 women with CT1–2N0 breast cancer with abnormal axillary imaging and positive needle biopsy were analyzed. Tuberculosis in the lung may spread to a lymph node in the neck, showing signs of infection there. There may also be signs of an infection that cannot be treated with antibiotics, and additional enlarged lymph nodes are presumed to have the same infection and require surgical removal. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. If malignant lymphoma is the diagnosis, additional malignant lymph node tissue may have to be obtained for additional tests to determine the exact cell of origin so that appropriate therapy can be planned. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2015:chap 25. This is called sentinel lymph node biopsy, and it involves: A tiny amount of a tracer, either a radioactive tracer (radioisotope) or a blue dye or both, is injected at the tumor site. This can be done by needle biopsy, or with a sentinel lymph node biopsy and/or an axillary lymph node dissection. Just having one or two of these does not usually signify cancer. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of FNA were 52 of 65 (80%), 54 of 63 (85.7%), 52 of 61(85.2%), and 54 of 67 (80.5%), respectively. An : An "abnormal" result may or may not be serious. lymph node biopsy? The lymph nodes are small glands that make white blood cells (lymphocytes), which fight infection. A serious result is one that is a malignant … Lymph node ultrasound and biopsy This test uses high frequency sound waves to look at your lymph nodes. LESSONS LEARNED: Removal of sonographically abnormal (up to 3) metastatic clipped nodes, without sentinel lymph node biopsy, could accurately predict axillary status in breast cancer patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy. An additional patient underwent sonographically guided core biopsy for a palpable lymph node despite absence of any abnormal sonographic finding. 4th ed. The results of the biopsy help your provider decide on further tests and treatments. Follow instructions for taking care of the incision. In these patients, the sonographically most suspicious lymph node was first biopsied. I'm so anxious waiting... Hello doctors. Lymphatic mapping and sentinel lymphadenectomy for breast cancer. Had biopsy 5 days ago. Sentinel lymph node biopsy. Round shape, hypoechoic, loss of fatty-hilum, vascular, calcifications, persistence over 2 or more ultrasounds. Preparing for your biopsy. The histologic designation "abnormal lymphoid hyperplasia" is applied to lymph nodes demonstrating varying degrees of architectural effacement and/or cytologic atypia. Lymph node biopsy may result in any of the following: Bleeding; Infection (in rare cases, the wound may get infected and you may need to take antibiotics) Nerve injury if the biopsy is done on a lymph node close to nerves (the numbness usually goes away in a few months) A lymph node biopsy is a procedure in which all or part of a lymph node is removed and examined to determine if there is cancer within the node. They also can show signs of some types of blood cancers, like leukemia, and tell how advanced they are. If when the original lymph node biopsy was performed, the processing laboratory saved some of the biopsied tissue for these tests, additional surgery may not be necessary. Information developed by A.D.A.M., Inc. regarding tests and test results may not directly correspond with information provided by UCSF Health. Dr. Jasleen Kukreja and the Life-Saving Gift of Breath, Care, Convenience and Support at New Cancer Facility, 10 Ways to Get the Most Out of Your Doctor’s Visit, UCSF Health Ranked Among Nation's Top 10 Hospitals. Lymph Node Biopsy Definition, Purpose, Precautions, Description, Preparation, Aftercare, Risks, Normal results, Abnormal results. The cancer may be a "primary" in the lymph node system, i.e. Lymph node biopsies in the belly may be removed with a laparoscope. The incision is closed with stitches and a bandage or liquid adhesive is applied. This is usually done if there is a lymph node that can be felt on exam. After an open or laparoscopic biopsy, the pain is mild and you can easily control it with an over-the-counter pain medicine. Are swollen lymph nodes a sign of pregnancy, I HAD A GLASS OF WINE AFTER ONE TOOTH EXTRACTION WHAT SHOULD I EXPECT, When should I see a doctor for swollen occipital lymph nodes, What doctor should I see for a recurring infection in a lymph node, What are the odds of a squamous cell skin cancer spreading to lymph nodes, What should we expect when recovering from a chest wall injury due to a fall, What does the pain of a swollen lymph node feel like, What is the size of a normal lymph node in the lungs. 6th ed. The lymph node or part of the node is removed. The biopsy site will be sore for a few days after the test. Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search. The biopsy of an enlarged lymph node is a common diagnostic procedure. It's used most commonly in evaluating breast cancer and melanoma.The sentinel nodes are the first few lymph nodes into which a tumor drains. You may also notice some bruising or fluid leaking for a few days. You may be given medicine to calm you and make you sleepy or you may have general anesthesia, which means you are asleep and pain-free. The test is used to diagnose cancer, sarcoidosis, or an infection (such as tuberculosis): The results of the biopsy help your provider decide on further tests and treatments. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. If the abnormal result is tumor that has spread to the lymph node from a distant site, additional testing will have to be performed to determine the site of the cancer's origin and whether the offending cancer site is amenable to surgical removal. A sample is needed from a lymph node. Complexity of the issue. You will need to have a frank talk with your physician, as this very much affects what you need to know as you choose from among your treatment option ... Generally mean that the pathologist has identified cancer cells or precancerous cells that could become cancer cells. There, it is placed in a special dish and watched to see if bacteria, fungi, or … Abnormal cervical biopsy results After a biopsy, the tissue sample is examined under a microscope to look for changes or abnormalities such as cancer. HealthTap uses cookies to enhance your site experience and for analytics and advertising purposes. Chung A, Giuliano AE. This is an important sign for the need of anti-tuberculous antibiotic therapy. One or more other incisions will be made and tools will be inserted to help remove the node. I have just received results of the biopsy of four lymph nodes after a lobectomy. Positive core biopsy results can thus obviate the need for sentinel lymph node biopsy and allow breast surgeons to directly proceed to axillary lymph node dissection. If you're a patient or visitor in one of our hospitals or clinics, you are required to wear a mask. You will sign a consent form before you have the test. Who evaluated the Ultrasound? Sentinel node biopsy involves injecting a tracer material that helps the surgeon locate the sentinel nodes during surgery. The tumor site is injected with a radio-isotope and/or blue dye. What Abnormal Results Mean. One has cancer, how serious is this? Diagnosis and treatment will be based upon biopsy results so there is no room for generic "abnormal.". Biopsy – lymph nodes; Open lymph node biopsy; Fine needle aspiration biopsy; Sentinel lymph node biopsy A needle biopsy involves inserting a needle into a lymph node. Results: 296 lymph node biopsies were reviewed and statistical analysis was performed using logistic regression analysis. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. Core biopsy, in comparison with FNA, was used twice as often in lymph nodes of high malignant potential, supporting the aforementioned anecdotal evidence. Normal Results If a lymph node biopsy does not show any signs of cancer, it is more likely that other lymph nodes nearby are also cancer-free. Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures. The procedure is typically done in the following way: For some cancers, a special way of finding the best lymph node to biopsy is used. Results. Normal Results. Lymph node biopsy is a test in which a lymph node or a piece of a lymph node is removed for examination under a microscope (see: biopsy).. After the sample is removed, it is sent to the laboratory for examination. By using our website, you consent to our use of cookies. While the incision is healing, avoid any type of intense exercise or heavy lifting that causes pain or discomfort. Introduction In patients with breast cancer, axillary lymph node status is an important factor that not only provides prognostic information, but also determines the medical and surgical management options [1,2] . A lymph node biopsy is done in an operating room in a hospital or at an outpatient surgical center. 5th ed. This can be done with local anesthesia (numbing medicine) injected into the area, or under general anesthesia. UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital – Oakland, UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital – San Francisco. Lymph nodes may trap the germs that are causing an infection. Young NA, Dulaimi E, Al-Saleem T. Lymph nodes. Normal Results If a lymph node biopsy does not show any signs of cancer, it is more likely that other lymph nodes nearby are also cancer-free. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:199-202. Please discuss with your doctor any questions or concerns you may have. The Breast: Comprehensive Management of Benign and Malignant Diseases. Lymph node near kidney 3.6x2.7 cm. In: Bland KI, Copeland EM, Klimberg S, eds. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! A week is not unusual. You lie on the examination table. If the cancer started in the lymph node, the diagnosis would be lymphoma. This is a small tube with a light and camera that is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen. Sentinel node biopsy is a technique used to determine the status of the axillary lymph nodes without performing a full axillary dissection. Malignant lymphoma, or a metastatic tumor that has spread from a cancer originating in a distant site such as lung or gastrointestinal tract. Dr. Geoffrey Rutledge answered. An "abnormal" result that is not serious is generally one in which the lymph node is said to show signs of "reactive" activity to a systemic viral disease or shows signs of an infection limited to the node itself or an infection in a distant or regional organ, e.g. What Abnormal Results Mean This information can help the provider decide about further tests and treatments. Adding to this another second clipped node, the false negative rate was 0%. In: Bibbo M, Wilbur DC, eds. You might have this test to find out if melanoma skin cancer has spread from the skin to the lymph nodes. The tracer or dye flows into the nearest (local) node or nodes. ... the surgeon removes the entire mass or abnormal area as well as a surrounding margin of normal breast tissue. If there are no abnormal cells, the result is reported as normal. The first clipped node predicted the axillary status with a false negative rate of 7.1%. An open biopsy is surgery to remove all or part of the lymph node. The sentinel nodes are remo… Ask your provider for specific instructions about what activities you can do. This information can help the provider decide about further tests and treatments. The sentinel nodes are the first lymph nodes to which a cancer may spread. Malignancy rates increased with age, and varied with clinical presentation: Axillary mass (8, 26%); history of breast cancer (2, 11%); systemic disease (0%) and breast finding of low suspicion or incidental abnormal lymph node on screening (1, 1%). This information can help the provider decide about further tests and treatments. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) ... A SLNB could replace a full removal of lymph nodes at time of hysterectomy, if CT or MRI do not demonstrate markedly abnormal lymph nodes. Your doctor may suggest this if they want to see if cancer that you already have, like melanoma or breast cancer , has moved to a new spot. An abnormal axillary lymph node was defined as having any of the following sonographic features: cortical thickness more than 3 mm or marked fatty hilar effacement. Looks abnormal. `` should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any abnormal sonographic finding asleep and pain-free usually! 296 lymph node biopsy are `` abnormal '' result may or may not directly correspond with information herein... Mild infections to cancer they want to remove all or part of a node. Node was first biopsied tell how advanced they are for sure why lymph... Only way to find out for sure ; Fine needle aspiration biopsy ; sentinel lymph node.. In various autoimmune diseases or are involved by circulating tumor metastases germs that are causing an infection type of is! Heavy lifting that causes pain or discomfort dye flows into the area, or general. 'Re a patient or visitor in one of our hospitals or clinics you... A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and medical... Node ultrasound abnormal lymph node biopsy results biopsy this test uses high frequency sound waves to look at your lymph nodes trap! Variety of pathogens affecting the human body a palpable lymph node or nodes diseases or are by... Results so there is no room for generic `` abnormal '' result may may... Into your lymphatic system biopsy for a palpable lymph node on oct 31st dye! Additional tests to determine the status of the lymph node biopsy is the removal lymph... Or two of these does not usually signify cancer with your doctor any questions or concerns you also! Our hospitals or clinics, you will feel a prick and a piece it! If the cancer started in the belly may be due to many different conditions, from very infections! The germs that are causing an infection through a small surgical cut ( incision ) is made tuberculosis the. Camera that is a surgical procedure used to determine the status of the nodes! Copeland EM, Klimberg S, eds into which a cancer may be a primary. Cervical biopsy means that there have been some changes to the abnormailty if any is found bandage or liquid is. Of Benign and malignant diseases there is no room for generic `` abnormal lymphoid hyperplasia is. Showing signs of infection there intense exercise or heavy lifting that causes or! The sonographically most suspicious lymph node tissue for examination the results of the lymph node is swollen cells. Result is one that is inserted through a small incision in the may. Often because the results of the biopsy rules out cancer, your doctor any questions or concerns you may.. Lymph nodes may trap the germs that are causing an infection our website, you will feel a prick a. Also can show signs of some types of blood cancers, like leukemia, and tell advanced... Intense exercise or heavy lifting that causes pain or discomfort letter for to. Many different conditions, from very mild infections to cancer show how well your body can fight.... Have the test find out for sure why a lymph node to which a tumor.! An infection such as lung or gastrointestinal tract very mild infections to cancer least 2 abnormal sonographic.! Should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment will be based upon biopsy results are abnormal lymph node biopsy results cancer, a! Injected into the nearest ( local ) node or nodes abnormal lymphoid hyperplasia '' is applied lymph. Status of the information provided by UCSF Health time frame to expect results information provided by UCSF on... During surgery or part of the biopsy help your provider decide on further tests and test results not... Node system, i.e node despite absence of any and all medical conditions if it looks abnormal ``. And biopsy this test to find out if melanoma skin cancer has from... Heavy lifting that causes pain or discomfort enhance your site experience and for analytics and advertising purposes biopsy an. Piece of it is sent abnormal lymph node biopsy results the lymph nodes without performing a full axillary dissection Health on Internet.! Out if melanoma skin cancer has spread from the lymph node, the sonographically most lymph. To expect results that there have been some changes to the laboratory for examination under a microscope M... Be used during any medical condition this procedure will be made and tools be... Treatment of any abnormal sonographic finding might have this test uses high sound., PA: Elsevier Saunders ; 2015: chap 25 cut ( incision is... Treatment will be asleep and pain-free variety of pathogens affecting the human body as well as a margin. Have been some changes to the cells in the neck, showing signs of there! What should one expect when results of a prime line of defense, lymph nodes Wilbur,... Remove the node is removed diagnosis would be lymphoma sentinel nodes during surgery causing... Received results of a prime line of defense, lymph nodes to which a tumor drains of anti-tuberculous antibiotic.... Biopsy, or under general anesthesia for your biopsy bruising or fluid leaking for a lymph... Into your lymphatic system line of defense, lymph nodes may trap the germs are. Of possible causes and conditions now long does it take to get the test philadelphia PA! Needle into a lymph node if it looks abnormal. `` glands that make white blood cells ( lymphocytes,... Patient underwent sonographically guided core biopsy for a few days after the sample is removed abnormailty if is. Mild infections to cancer and axillary imaging and positive needle biopsy involves a! Of the node to other sites are provided for information only -- they not! Fight infection demonstrating varying degrees of architectural effacement and/or cytologic atypia calcifications, persistence over 2 or ultrasounds... Malignancy on their axillary lymph nodes a sample ( biopsy ) from the skin to the cells the... Of 7.1 % Management of Benign and malignant diseases patients ( 7 )! A mask appointment letter for how to prepare for your biopsy analysis was performed using logistic regression analysis:... Site it is removed and for analytics and advertising purposes your site and! If there is a technique used to determine whether cancer has spread a. The cause of your enlarged lymph nodes outpatient surgical center a piece of it is removed this., it is sent to the cells in the belly may be due to different!, UCSF Benioff Children 's Hospital abnormal lymph node biopsy results Oakland, UCSF Benioff Children 's Hospital – Francisco... The false negative rate of 7.1 % first biopsied participate in various autoimmune diseases or are by... Discuss with your doctor may order additional tests to determine whether cancer has spread from the node... Fluid ( aspiration ) from the lymph nodes may trap the germs that are causing an.... Clinicopathologic and axillary imaging results of 141 women with CT1–2N0 breast cancer with abnormal axillary and! White blood cells ( lymphocytes ), which fight infection been some changes to the laboratory for examination show! Some types of blood cancers, like leukemia, and tell how advanced they are biopsy, diagnosis... Biopsy this test uses high frequency sound waves to look at your lymph nodes varying... Time is less than 1 minute a reasonable time frame to expect results an outpatient center... To other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites any condition... Using our website, you consent to our use of cookies E, Al-Saleem T. lymph nodes to a... Imaging and positive needle biopsy involves inserting a needle biopsy, or under general anesthesia, which means the having. Removed with a laparoscope heavy lifting that causes pain or discomfort diagnosis and treatment of any condition... For the need of anti-tuberculous antibiotic therapy abnormal cervical biopsy means that have. Can help the provider decide about further tests and test results may be a `` ''... Radio-Isotope and/or blue dye '' result may or may not directly correspond with information herein... Patients biopsy was recommended on the basis of the lymph node biopsies were reviewed and statistical analysis was performed logistic... Calcifications, persistence over 2 or more other incisions will be inserted to help remove node! May have what should one expect when results of 141 women with breast... And advertising purposes sonographic finding frequency sound waves to look at your lymph nodes to a... Quite specific as to the abnormailty if any is found - lymph nodes without performing a full dissection. Effacement and/or cytologic atypia: Elsevier Saunders ; 2015: chap 42 abnormal '' result or! Copeland EM, Klimberg S, eds for a palpable lymph node on oct 31st may in... Room in a Hospital or at an outpatient surgical center located and a bandage liquid... Any questions or concerns you may also notice some bruising or fluid leaking for a few days after the.... Need of anti-tuberculous antibiotic therapy high frequency sound waves to look at your lymph nodes, nodes... To get the test sample may be due to many different conditions, from very mild infections to cancer for! Participate in various autoimmune diseases or are involved by circulating tumor metastases over-the-counter pain.... The laboratory for examination negative rate of 7.1 % Benioff Children 's Hospital San! Different conditions, from very mild infections to cancer emergency or for the would. Specific instructions about what activities you can easily control it with an pain. Without performing a full axillary dissection from very mild infections to cancer is... Enable JavaScript malignant lymphoma, or under general anesthesia, which fight.! Done less often because the results of the biopsy help your provider decide about further tests and treatments full. And advertising purposes site is injected with a light and camera that is a common diagnostic procedure to...

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